Loose Parts: Foster Creativity & Build Fine Motor Skills with Reggio Emilia Inspired Play

Forget buying expensive, high-tech toys for your kids.

Take a note from the Reggio Emilia philosophy and encourage your child’s creativity, problem solving skills and fine motor development with everyday objects and collections.

What are loose parts?

Loose parts are exactly what they sound like – a collection of loose materials or objects for kids to play with however they see fit – explore, sort, build, play pretend and create masterpieces.

Instead of traditional toys that serve a particular function – or cater to a particular gender – loose parts allow children to be limited only by their imaginations.

By playing with different peers (of varying personalities and ages), children learn a whole new perspective on how to use an object.

Loose Parts: Foster Creativity & Build Fine Motor Skills with Reggio Emilia Inspired Play (BlueMangoLLC.com)

Loose parts are important for learning & play

I think great teaching is a balance between letting kids explore, manipulate, tinker and create through self-directed play and providing them with direct instruction and strategies to master specific skills – for example, while you can set up a literacy rich environment, learning to read is a skill that MUST be taught.

The younger the child, the more important it is for him or her to have this open-ended, unstructured play – children will master the necessary skills if you provide them with the right tools, environment and time.

But this doesn’t mean sit back and do nothing as an adult. We are there to set up the environment, provide materials, spark their interests and ultimately facilitate their learning.

Reggio Emilia classroom

We can get kids to ask questions and help them to accomplish things with just the right amount of support to get them to the next level of mastery (I am a big fan of Lev Zygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development – but more on that another day!)

One of the best ways to do this is through loose parts play. Loose parts enable kids to direct their own play.

By exploring the properties of objects and deciding what they will be and how they will function, kids work on a wide variety of skills essential for their development:

  • creativity
  • imagination
  • fine motor skills
  • visual spacial skills
  • engineering & physics
  • problem solving
  • dramatic play
  • symbolic play
    • having one thing represent another is an early literacy skill!

Are you ready to add loose parts to your classroom or playroom?

Start your collection of loose parts

The most important thing in loose parts play is beginning to establish your collection of loose parts.

Anything in a large enough quantity looks amazing. My daughter dumped out a whole box of pens the other day and I couldn’t tear her away from them!

So recently I’ve just started collecting anything that might be interesting and am waiting until I have a large enough quantity to set these things out as toys.

First, I try to collect a lot of things from nature – these items are aesthetically pleasing and help children establish a connection with the natural environment.

Collect loose parts (sticks, stones, pine cones) from nature

 

Second, I try to look for a variety of materials and textures in neutral or natural tones such as wood, metal, glass and fabric. Children have plenty of exposure to brightly colored plastic – it’s important for them to learn and experiment with the properties of other materials as well.

Real (non-plastic) materials for loose parts play

But lastly, anything in a big collection is neat. Your collection of loose parts is only limited by your imagination – until they started growing fungus, I had out old potatoes with spuds! Also, don’t forget to take the lead from your kids if they show an interest in something.

Once you have your loose parts, kids can sort and organize them, play with them, or make art with them. Recycled materials are perfect for art projects.

Where can you get your loose parts? Find them in nature, collect them or buy them – bargain stores, craft stores, yard sales and hardware stores are all good places to look.

The following are some great ideas for things to add to your loose parts collection. These are only a few suggestions. If you’re interested in more, I’m constantly pinning new ideas to my Reggio Emilia Inspired Play board.

Collect items from nature

Collect loose parts from nature: rocks, sticks, pine cones, seashells, sea glass, acorns, bark (BlueMangoLLC.com)

  • sticks
  • pinecones
  • rocks
  • seashells
  • sea glass
  • acorns
  • bark

Buy/collect small objects in large quantities

Collect or buy small objects for loose parts play: wooden elephants, stones, Jenga blocks, buttons, mini tree stumps (BlueMangoLLC.com)

Collect recycled materials

Collect recycled materials for loose parts: bottle caps, drink tops, PB tops, bread tabs, corks, paper towel rolls (BlueMangoLLC.com)

  • corks
  • bread tabs
  • peanut butter & salsa tops
  • paper towel & toiler paper rolls
  • bottle caps – beer, milk & other bottled drinks

A reminder about choking

I was so excited that my daughter was starting to incorporate loose parts into her play that I forgot about choking. She is almost 2 and getting out of the mouthing phase so I trusted her more than I should have.

However, after several weeks of sorting and exploring buttons left on a shelf in the kitchen, I caught her stuffing them in her mouth!

I was cooking dinner and so proud of her independent play and engagement in these junk collections I so thoughtfully put together for her – I forgot I had a toddler. We talked about how buttons were not for eating and she lost the privilege of playing with them for that day.

But alas the other day I also caught her eating chalk! Be wary of the toddler engaged in independent play.

I strongly recommend that you don’t use small loose parts for children under 3 (objects shouldn’t be able to pass through a toilet paper roll), keep your older child’s small toys out of reach and always supervise your children.

How to set up the environment for loose parts play

Just having jumbled mass of loose parts is not enough. An important piece of the early childhood learning environment is how you organize materials and set up the space to encourage the type of play you are looking for – and draw in and excite children into the process.

Here are some ways to set up the right environment for your loose parts play.

Empty containers

Find containers to house your loose parts: plastic bins, canvas cubes, wicker baskets, salad containers, ice cube trays, egg cartons (BlueMangoLLC.com)

You will want a variety of containers sized appropriately for the materials in them. While I love natural containers – wooden boxes, wicker baskets, canvas cubes – it’s easy to collect containers around the house.

We go through a box of lettuce each week and these clear plastic containers have been the perfect size for many of our loose parts.

Containers with multiple compartments are also great. These help you to group certain items together and allow kids to sort materials. Again you can buy these or use things around the house such as recycled egg cartons and spare ice cube trays or silverware holders.

Child level shelves

Make loose parts easy for kids to access by storing neatly on child level shelves

Because working with loose parts is child-directed, not teacher-directed, children should have easy access to a variety of materials to take out as they see fit.

While pre-planned, whole group lessons have their place in the classroom, loose parts play allows for creativity and open-ended exploration. Just by setting up an appealing environment, you can encourage kids to get excited about self-directing their own play.

Develop a method for organizing – by color, function (building, pretend play, art), theme – and then invitingly display your items in a way that allows kids to easy take items off the shelf and place them back neatly.

Table (or space) to work at

Stones are great for pushing in, taking out & hiding in play dough! So are army men though not as open-ended. They work well now for my sheltered 22 month old!
Stones are great for pushing in, taking out & hiding in play dough!                                                                                                                     So are army men though not as open-ended. They work well now for my sheltered 22 month old!

It’s important for children to have a workspace where they can use their loose parts. It’s helpful for children to have a variety of appealing locations where they can use their items as they see fit.

Children might want to work standing at a table, sitting at a table (stools and a counter are always fun), sitting or laying on the rug.

Don’t forget loose parts are also important for outdoor play! While children will naturally find the best workspace for their loose parts outside, you can make sure they have a variety of options like concrete, grass, sand/dirt, and even some natural tables and chairs.

Another fun way to spice up a workspace is to add a mirror. Place one flat on a table or standing to help kids understand patterns and symmetry.

Storage area to rotate out materials

One of the best strategies I’ve learned as a teacher is to rotate items. It keeps things exciting and new and creates a low stress environment for kids. When there are toys everywhere – and there are too many choice – kids get overwhelmed.

In addition, in a messy, overcrowded play space kids tend not to take care of materials properly and don’t play meaningfully – they just dump everything out and make a big mess. Make sure everything has a place and is clearly labeled.

Labeling items is also a fantastic way to add environmental print – important for early literacy development – to your play space!

Share your Pinterest ideas!

I’m always looking for more ideas – what’s in your loose parts collection?

Leave a link to your favorite Loose Parts pin in the comments below!

 

Simple Strategies to Make Writing Workshop More Fun

Writing workshop is a great way to get students immersed in the writing process, but the same old routine everyday can cause kids to lose inspiration.

In addition, the long block of continuous, usually independent, writing can be agonizing for some students.

While many teachers have to follow a strict curriculum, just adding in a few fun days or choices during writing workshop can keep your students motivated and making progress.

Here are some creative ways to keep kids excited about writing!

Simple strategies to make writing workshop more fun!

Let them write with a black marker

black marker

Imagine trying to get all your ideas on paper while simultaneously trying to do your best handwriting. These are two very distinct tasks!

Luckily, most adults don’t even have to worry about this because we write on a computer. However, handwriting for kids requires a lot of different skills (fine motor control, remembering how to form individual letters) using up a lot more concentration and brain power than an adult.

Brainstorming and creative thinking is impeded when a student is trying to focus on handwriting during writing workshop.

Take the stress out of writing by letting children use a black (or dark colored) marker when writing in their journal.

Not only is this fun – kids feel like they are breaking the rules a bit – it really helps a variety of students you’re probably familiar with in your classroom:

types of writers

The dark line lover

These kids go over their pencil lines again and again making them very dark and sometimes even ripping their paper. For some students it’s a sensory thing and they enjoy the feeling of the pencil on the paper. For others it’s almost obsessive compulsive – they focus so much on the lines they forget about their writing.

The feather gripper

These students have a very light grip on their pencil. Their letters are shaky, too big or hard to read. These student usually have some fine motor issues and the stress of a pencil only exacerbates their anxiety towards writing workshop.

Remember – if a student actually needs to work on fine motor skills – more pencil is not always the answer. Address the real problem by helping them gain core and hand strength through play.

The eraser addict

These kids are often perfectionists. They want their writing to look a certain way and will keep erasing and rewriting. Sometimes they even erase whole words and sentences as they second guess their ideas or the quality of their work.

If a student makes a mistake with a marker, they can cross it out and move on. The most important thing for kids during writing workshop is to stay in the flow of writing.

Writing with a marker also teaches kids to be more comfortable making mistakes.

When writing with a marker, students have to come to terms with the fact the writing is messy. Children need to feel comfortable making mistakes because that’s how we all learn!  Teach children to be comfortable making mistakes by pointing out your own in the classroom.

When I write my morning message on chart paper I cross out any mistakes and leave it up there for the kids to see. Young kids love finding out adults make mistakes too!

Add some variety to your writing center

Just as in the real world (infographics, newspapers, street signs, menus, books, Facebook posts…) there are many different types of writing for students to engage in. Students, even young ones, shouldn’t be confined to only writing about real life stories – or “small moments” – day after day.

When you have flexibility in your writing assignments, provide kids a variety of materials to choose from to produce different types of writing. As long as they are writing the whole time, let them be!

Here are some of my favorite things to include in my writing center:

Lists

Revamp writing workshop - let kids make lists!

A numbered list from 1 – 10 is surprisingly very appealing to young students. They use it to jot down ideas, make a pretend shopping list, and a lot more things I am just not creative enough to think of.

My only rule is – no names. You don’t want someone listing their best friends or deciding who to invite to their birthday party.

Postcards

postcards 2

These are just fun! While they might not have been to see a real tiger on a safari – their best friend may currently be obsessed with the animal.

Encourage kids to pick out postcards that are about something their recipient really likes. Students can send notes to classmates and put the postcards in cubbies or mailboxes in the classroom.

Birthday & get well cards

Revamp writing workshop - let kids write cards to friends & family

These usually just have a short phrase like “Get well soon!” and a picture on the front but are blank inside. I used to make my own with clip art in Word – save time and download the examples above here!

Kids enjoy making cards for friends who are out sick, a little brother with the stomach flu and Dad’s birthday.

Blank note cards & envelopes

notecards

An easy way to collect these – and other notepads that charities and other organizations mail out – is to solicit parents. This is just another fun way for students to write notes to family members or friends. Securing their note or letter in an envelope makes the process all that more exciting.

Comic strips

Revamp writing workshop - let kids make comic strips!

This is my all time favorite! This really allows kids who enjoy drawing a chance to make up a story. Give kids some ideas on how comics and word bubbles work by reading and having available Mo Willems’s Piggy & Gerald books and Phonics Comics in the classroom.

Ready to revamp writing workshop?

Want these printable templates (comic strips, cards & lists) to print and stock your classroom with? Sign up here to receive these and free goodies from Blue Mango!

Don’t forget to just create a writing rich environment! Have pads of paper and a variety of writing utensils in the drama center, small whiteboards or chalkboards open during free time and let kids help you label the classroom.

What are your creative ideas to keep your kids engaged in writing workshop? Share your comments below!

The Unconventional Handwriting Guide (Part III): Modern Toys are Ruining Your Child’s Handwriting

Nothing beats unstructured outdoor play for improving handwriting skills.

However, there are a lot of other simple changes you can make in your child’s daily routine and indoor environment to promote the development of fine motor skills.

Modern toys are ruining your child's handwriting skills

Toys and day to day life at home used to provide lots opportunities for children’s fine motor growth. But suddenly we are seeing a large number of children who are lacking adequate core, upper body and finger strength and dexterity to successfully pick up a pencil and write with ease.

Has home life really changed that much in the last 25 years to affect children’s fine motor development?

The transformation of children’s toys

If you really begin to examine the toys marketed to children today, you will notice a huge change has taken place.

Essentially, we’ve replaced toys that involved a lot of loose parts and manipulating with your hands with ones that require just a push of a button to make a sound or light up.

Modern Toys are Ruining Your Child's Handwriting: The Unconventional Guide to Improving Handwriting Skills (Part 3)

We have a ball in our house – given to us by a well-meaning family member – that rolls itself, makes animal noises when you press the creepy looking cartoon dog or cat and then yells at you when you stop interacting with it!

With a degree in Early Childhood Education, I’ve always been very adamant about the types of toys we have in our house for our daughter. I’ve always been against battery operated toys for the reason that they don’t require kids to problem solve, think creatively or use their imaginations.

fitz family toys
Small sampling of Fitzgerald family toys: Can you guess which ones we didn’t buy ourselves?

After speaking to some experts in pediatric occupational therapy, I learned that these modern electronic toys also deprive our children from practicing the necessary skills for fine motor and handwriting.

While of course toys are meant to entertain, the purpose of play in early childhood is to manipulate objects, perform experiments and examine the world in order to learn. While many toys today may keep a child busy, they may be doing nothing to actually enhance their development.

Rachel Coley, OT and founder of CanDo Kiddo, really enlightened me when I asked her if anything has changed in the last 25 years in regards to kids’ activities that develop fine motor skills.

Through the materials and toys we choose for our kids and the way they spend their time…

We over-emphasize the skills of pushing buttons with their thumbs and pointing, dragging and clicking with their index fingers.

Because there aren’t any more hours in the day than there use to be, these activities come at the expense of our kids learning to cut, glue, pinch, put together, pull apart, squeeze, twist, hammer and screw, lace, string and other important fine motor skills.

Think about the toys you played with as a child, or better yet your parents or grandparents.

Modern Convenience = Lazy Fingers

Just as life as gotten easier for mom with Click Connect car seats & strollers and Bumbo chairs at the expense of our babies’ gross motor skills development, modern convenience has also stripped our children of everyday fine motor skills practice.

We’ve made childhood really convenient and easy with velcro and slip on shoes, food that can be slurped from pouches and zippered lunch boxes. – Rachel Coley, OT, CanDo Kiddo

In addition, in our busy society we often do things for our children that they should be learning to do on their own.

I admit sometimes I am in a rush to get my daughter out the door and do a lot of things for her I shouldn’t like spoon her peas into her mouth (it’s faster and less mess) and avoid real cups (sippy cups don’t leave you bathed in milk).

However, when you aren’t pressed for time, slow down and let your kids try things on their own.

My daughter is very strong-willed so she often chooses to do things on her own even when I want to help – hence this adorable fiasco when she lost her shoe outside:

While this attempt was ultimately unsuccessful…

Toddler gives up on putting her shoe on

She has since improved since I let her have lots of practice – just not when we’re on a strict time table.

What are fine motor skills? Why are they so important?

Writing expectations for early elementary students have increased significantly over the last couple of decades. Some kindergartners have writing workshop for as long as an hour every day!

At the same time we are introducing more academic demands on children, we are replacing the activities and tools that naturally promote the development of fine motor skills.

Just understanding what fine motor skills are enables adults to seek out and promote experiences for children that will help develop these important muscles and skills.

The great news is that you don’t need to learn and prep a lot of fancy activities. Just by understanding the basics of fine motor skills, you can prioritize the materials in your house or classroom to facilitate this development in your kids.

Understanding the pincer grasp

The pincer grasp is the ability to pick up small objects using the thumb and forefinger. This develops by age one (and continues to mature) as babies move from a raking grasp with all fingers to picking up individual cheerios with just these two fingers.

Pincer grasp

The pincer grasp is very important in handwriting. It enables children to hold a pencil correctly and develop a mature tripod grip around a pencil.

Seems simple, so why is it so important?

Children with nonfunctional pencil grips will not be able to keep up with the demand expected of them in school. They will begin to avoid writing tasks and their academics and confidence will suffer.

Here is what the development of a child’s pencil grip looks like:

Development of pencil grips

The importance of hand and arm muscles

Writing uses a lot of different muscles in the hand and wrist. In addition to developing a good pincer grasp, children need to make sure their hand and arm muscles are also strong.

Christie Kiley is a pediatric OT experienced in early intervention (birth to 3), clinic-based and school-based settings who runs the blog Mama OT.

While I knew that developing hand strength was important in improving handwriting skills, Christie explained to me just how complex and important these hand muscles are.

There are all sorts of small muscles in our hands that make up three main arches around our hands.

These arches work together to help our hands accurately form around objects as we hold and manipulate them, such as when we hold a ball, build with blocks, or brush our teeth or hair.

These palmar arches are also responsible for helping kids develop in-hand manipulation skills and dissociation of the two sides of the hand.

In order to properly develop these arches, Christie advocates for weight bearing activities on kids’ hands such as crawling through tunnels, doing crab walks down the hallway, yoga (downward dog) and gymnastics (handstands).

Build hand strength to improve handwriting skills

Strategies to improve handwriting skills

Just by editing a few things in your daily routine and having certain materials and toys on hand, you can help your child develop the necessary fine motor skills to improve handwriting.

The biggest things that parents can do to promote their kids’ fine motor skills is to evaluate the toys and materials in their homes and evaluate their family schedule.

Many parents are surprised to find that Occupational Therapists don’t have much specialized equipment for treating their children’s fine motor delays or handwriting difficulties.

What we have are toys and time being fully present with a child. – Rachel Coley, OT

Here are 5 tips for improving handwriting skills in your own home or classroom with lots of ideas for simple toys and materials to stock your house with!

1. Give time for independence in daily routines

It’s so easy today in our hectic lives to do things for our children that they could be learning to do themselves. Whether we don’t schedule in the time or are afraid of the mess – I’m guilty of both – encouraging your child’s independence has huge rewards.

Meal times, grooming and getting dressed are great opportunities to let kids take charge and strengthen those little hands and fingers!

self help

During meal times kids should be working towards independence with:

  • peeling fruit (oranges, bananas)
  • pouring drinks
  • using knives to cut food
  • using knives to spread butter (or jam, cream cheese, PB) on bread
  • opening & closing lunch containers, snack bags and water bottles

With babies, move beyond just purees and encourage self-feeding from the start. Toddlers should be using forks and spoons on their own and drinking from real cups.

After being inspired by Christie’s advice, Reagan successfully peeled her own clementine:

20 month old peels clementine!

Toddlers definitely still need some help getting dressed but older children should be doing this independently with just a little support and adult encouragement.

While you may need to help out after to make sure the job is done thoroughly – have children participate in their own grooming.

Kids can:

  • put on & take off socks and shoes
  • do zippers, snaps and buttons
  • learn to tie their shoes
  • brush their hair
  • squeeze their toothpaste
  • begin to learn to floss

2. Help out around the house

help around the house

Most moms know that having young kids at home – especially if they aren’t in school yet – makes it 10 times harder to get anything done around the house.

However, you can provide kids with lots of great fine motor experiences by having them help you out around the house.

Kids can help tear lettuce for salads, mash avocados for guacamole, grate cheese, scrub potatoes, mix thick batters and knead & roll dough when you’re working in the kitchen.

Last time my husband made a smoothie, my daughter help by separating the cilantro leaves from the stem – of course she threw the leaves in the sink and the stems in the blender, but she had a great time helping out!

While doing laundry, kids can help pull  clothes out of the hamper, washer and dryer. The youngest kids can fold socks while older children can help with shirts and pants.

3. Buy the right toys

While most parents despise talking toys, now we have some real reasons to replace them in our homes – your child’s fine motor skills, handwriting and success in school depend on it.

Here are some simple guidelines to purchasing toys to promote fine motor skills:

  • Avoid anything with batteries
    • if it lights up, moves on its own or makes noise count it out
  • Stick with natural materials
    • it’s much harder to go wrong with toys made out of wood
  • Look for toys with “loose parts
    • check Etsy or DIY – sometimes the best toys are not really “toys”
  • Look to Reggio Emilia and Montessori schools for inspiration

Need some more ideas? Here are some examples of great toys to buy:

Avoid batteries! Great toys to promote fine motor development and improve handwriting skills

4. Make use of everyday objects

Sometimes the best toys are not even meant to be toys! Consider having these available for play:

Improve fine motor and handwriting skills with everyday household objects

  • cardboard boxes – need ideas? follow my Pinterest board!
  • tweezers
  • chopsticks
  • turkey basters
  • squeezable bath toys
  • scoops & measuring cups
  • medicine droppers
  • squirt bottles
  • chip clips
  • buttons, dried beans & dried rice

Christie Kiley often tells parents of children receiving OT services that there are lots of ways to provide the same type of therapeutic practice in their own homes:

Some examples include pinching toothpicks and dropping them into an empty spice container, squeezing chip clips onto the edge of a box, playing with a squirt bottle, and pushing pipe cleaners into the holes of a colander.

5. Have great arts & crafts materials on hand

I always loved stocking up the art center in my classroom at school – often we called it the “Creation Station” because it was so much more than just drawing or painting.

Promote fine motor skills by encouraging kids to make art or create inventions by cutting & pasting, threading & beading, working with small objects and building with clay or cardboard.

Here are some great materials to have on hand at home or in the classroom.

Build

cardboard 2

I probably spent most of my childhood constructing things (mostly houses) out of cardboard boxes. Not a surprise I studied architecture in undergrad. I also have a deep appreciation for the hand muscles involved in cutting corrugated cardboard with scissors.

  • recycled cardboard boxes
  • recycled plastic containers & bottles
  • glue
  • masking tape

Sculpt

clay & play dough

Some of my favorite ways to spice up play dough are to add tools like knives and plastic scissors. I also hide plastic jewels inside play dough to let kids find them as a quiet time or stress relieving activity.

Use any of these materials to help build letters or sight words in the classroom.

Sew & make jewelry

Don’t be fooled – boys love this too! In my class we always made “pattern bracelets” with beads and pipe cleaners as a math center. We also made necklaces with fruit loops (arrange by color in groups of 10s) for the 100th day of school.

sew & jewelry

Sewing can be just putting yarn through punched holes in construction paper to actually sewing real things. Don’t just make beaded necklaces but teach kids how to braid friendship bracelets.

  • plastic needles (real ones for older kids!)
  • thread, yarn, string
  • wire
  • pipe cleaners
  • beads, noodles

Cut, paste & fasten

Don’t forget about traditional arts & crafts materials. These are always handy to have around.

paper scissors glue

  • scissors
  • hole puncher
  • glue, glue sticks or paste (all use different muscles)
  • scotch tape, colored masking tape
  • paper with assorted thickness (tissue, construction, card stock)
  • fabric squares
  • brads (brass fasteners)
  • stamps & ink

Also consider including small objects that really require the pincer grasp for kids to add to their art work:

Improve handwriting skills by adding small objects to art area to work on pincer grasp

  • buttons
  • pom poms
  • jewels
  • stickers
  • toothpicks

Use your whole body

In addition, any activity done in a standing or prone position will also help with overall core and upper body strength. Use sidewalk chalk outside, have clipboard available for work on the floor and use easels for drawing and painting.

What will you implement today?

Although a lot has changed with children’s toys and play over the last few decades, the great news is that with a few small changes you can easily bring back fine motor development into your children’s day.

Make thoughtful toy purchases and take advantage of everyday fine motor activities such as buttoning a jacket or kneading pizza dough.

Just by understanding the importance of the hand muscles and pincer grasp, you will be able to evaluate toys and materials on your own and come up some great activities.

Want to share this information with parents and friends? Download the FREE printable PDF Tips to Improve Fine Motor Skills today by clicking here!

Please share your creative fine motor activities!

  • Has this post inspired you to change anything at home? About the way you teach?
  • What activities do your kids or students love?
  • Have you found any strategies that work really well?

Start the discussion by leaving a comment!

 

Image credit: This post wouldn’t have been possible without all the gorgeous images. Many thanks to… Gerwin Sturm, Janet, Steven Depolo, lisaclarke, Daniela, Hsien-Hsien Lei, Gina Lee Kim, davidd, photographer pandora, Andrea R., Lars Ploughman, Matt Preston, Pearlmatic, Ville Oksanen, Travis Swan, Angie Six, Dana, Christine McIntosh, John Parrish, Shannon, Diana Robinson